Job Safety Analysis and Risk Management
If you work for a construction or heavy industry projects, then you are at risk of injury in your job. Risk cannot totally be eliminated but it can be reduced and controlled using standard procedures and good work practices. You can also just accept the risk as a normal part of doing your job. So, how much risk are you willing to accept?
Risk will always be present no matter what type of task you do. It is determined by the exposure and probability of something bad happening and how severe the outcome would be. We are faced each day with the reality of risks and how much we are willing to accept. But do you really understand the risk and are you willing to accept it?
From its beginnings at the organizational level, the acceptance of risk is then forced down to the local level. Controlling risk is a management function and there are some good tools available to help understand risk and keep it at an acceptable level Job Safety Analysis is one tool commonly used today.
At the lowest management level, risk is to be controlled by the people doing the work and their immediate supervisors. Those who need to be involved in both the planning and execution of the tasks should be given enough opportunity to be involved and be kept informed of the developments that might increase the risks and change the measures needed to deal with them.
Hazards are easily spotted by worker. Very seldom will a worker talk about the hazards that he has seen. The existence of hazards in an area are known by workers as revealed by incident investigation findings. Some thought hazard was normal and some say that they thought the risk was acceptable. Employees should get involved in order to help managers reduce risk.
The goal is to establish a common level of risk tolerance among the team members and there are several things that can affect this process. When doing work area risk assessment and communication of local hazards the judgment and decisions of the supervisory staff and employees are the most critical part.
The perception of risk and the level of risk tolerance is different with each person, so it complicates communication of risk on a construction site. The job Safety Analysis is a tool used to improve and document the communication process and ensure mutual understanding of risks and controls by all the people involved.
Job Safety analysis is an important part of the risk management process in heavy industry. This management tools help reduce the level of risk to the lowest possible acceptance level by making all the members of a team to interact and develop a common understanding of the task, procedures, and hazards of the job.